A new American Heart Association scientific statement highlights evidence that supports shared decision-making—the process of ensuring patients have the knowledge and tools to make decisions about their health in collaboration with their professional health care team. The statement is published in the American Heart Association’s journal Circulation.
More than 100 trials have demonstrated that shared decision-making improves patient’s understanding, acceptance, and satisfaction with their health care, yet adequate levels of shared decision-making occur in as few as 10% of face-to-face consultations across a variety of health care specialties.
The statement details the key components of shared decision-making:
- clearly communicated, unbiased evidence about risks, benefits, and reasonable alternatives to treatment;
- clinical expertise provided in a way that is relevant to the patient; and
- inclusion of the patient’s values, goals, and preferences in the decision process.
The statement presents models of shared decision-making and ways to measure it in research, in addition to strategies to promote its use. Potential solutions to increase shared decision-making in cardiovascular care include reimbursement for consultations, team-based care, integrating decision aids in electronic records, and training clinicians on communication skills that support shared decision-making more effectively and are sensitive to the cultural, racial, ethnic, and language considerations for each patient.
This statement was prepared by the writing group committee on behalf of the American Heart Association’s Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; the Council on Clinical Cardiology; the Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research; the Council on Hypertension; the Council on the Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease; the Council on Lifelong Congenital Heart Disease and Heart Health in the Young (Young Hearts); the Council on Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health; the Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease; the Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; and the Stroke Council.
American Heart Association scientific statements promote greater awareness about cardiovascular diseases and help facilitate informed health care decisions. Scientific statements outline what is currently known about a topic and what areas need additional research. While scientific statements inform the development of guidelines, they do not make treatment recommendations.